lundi 11 juillet 2016

My great-grandfather's brother : Joseph Brown 1890

JOSEPH BROWN was born circa 1890 in Upper Beeding, Sussex (source : 1901 census). His mother was Emily Brown and his father was possibly Alphonse Joseph Delonnette, although he is the only child to have kept the surname Brown. There is a birth registered for Joseph Frederick G Brown in 4th quarter 1890 in Steyning district.

On the 1891 census, the year after Joseph's birth, 55-year-old Alphonse (listed as Alphonse Delanette) and his 65-year-old wife Phebe were at 28 Norton Rd in Hove (St Andrews), Sussex with their 23-year-old general domestic servant EMILY BROWN. Phoebe died, aged 77, on 17th August 1897 in Brighton. Alphonso later married EMILY BROWN, his former maid (before 1901), who was some thirty years younger than him. Judging by the ages on the 1901 census, by the time of Phoebe's death in 1897, Emily had already had three children (by Alphonso?) - Joseph (in 1891), Victor Alphonso (in 1891) and Josephone (1894). (They went on to have Georgina (1897), Augustus (1898) and Wilhelmina (1901).

Joseph appears to have been brought up by his grandparents in Upper Beeding (source : 1891/1901 census)

On the 1891 census, aged 7 months, he was with his grandparents and the rest of the family (but not his mum) at Pound House, Upper Beeding.

On the 1901 census, aged 10, he was listed as a grandson at Pound House, Upper Beeding, with his maternal grandparents and their children, the youngest of whom was only a year older than him.

On the 1911 census, a 21-year-old single cowman, he was with his uncle George Brown, a widower unable to work on his farm in High Street, Upper Beeding. Also in the household were his cousins Albert (29), Henry (25), John (22) and Edith (23), who all worked on the farm.

Cousin Henry died during the First World War. The Upper Beeding War Memorial website explains : 212568 Gunner Henry Brown, “B” Battery, 37th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery. Henry enlisted in Hove and resided in Small Dole. He was the son of George and Mary Brown of Upper Beeding. The 1911 Census shows him as a farm carter, living in the High Street, Upper Beeding, with his widowed father, his elder brother, Albert, his younger brother, John, his cousin, Joe Brown. All of them are shown as farm workers and Henry’s younger sister was also living with them as their housekeeper. He died aged 32, on Sunday 6th October 1918 in Alexandria, Egypt. Given that Henry was apparently serving in Egypt late on in the war and is simply shown as “Died” (i.e. not “Killed in Action” or “Died of Wounds”), I think it likely that he died of disease or some other natural cause(s) or, possibly, as a result of an accidentally sustained injury or injuries. In view, however, of the fact that his service record apparently did not survive the 1940 bombing raid (see page 5) it is impossible to be certain as to his cause of death. Although he died in Alexandria, Egypt, he is buried in gave CC. 21 Ramleh Military Cemetery, Israel, being one of a number of men who were exhumed after the end of the war and re-interred in that cemetery. I understand that Henry was known locally as “Harry Brown of Horton Hall”. So, presumably, he was working on that farm and that is why he is also commemorated on the Small Dole War Memorial. Henry was awarded the British War Medal and Victory Medal, not having gone overseas until 1916 or later."

There was a tragic accident at this farm in 1914, but I am unsure if Emily's parents still owned and lived at the farm : "Records of the coroner of the Borough of Brighton, INQUESTS - ref. COR/3/2 - FILE - FORD - ref. COR/3/2/1914/96 - date: 25 Jul 1914 [from Scope and Content] of 'Pound House', Upper Beeding, Sussex, stable boy; at the Royal Sussex County Hospital; shock following rupture of the spleen caused by being kicked by a horse at Upper Beeding on 20 Jul; accidental death" (source : A2A website).

Pound House Cottage in Upper Beeding is now a listed building (assuming it's the same property) : "Once two cottages. C18 or earlier. Two storeys. Three windows. Faced with flints with red brick dressings and quoins. Hipped thatched roof. Casement windows." .

He was present at his mother's funeral in 1944 in Hastings and his sister Georgina's funeral in Hastings in 1954 (flowers from "Joe and Mrs Lindfield" which is presumably him)

Joseph died in 1968 in Worthing district, aged 77.

Census returns for Joseph Brown :

1891 census :

Piece: RG12/825 Place: Steyning -Sussex Enumeration District: 5
Civil Parish: Upper Beeding Ecclesiastical Parish: Upper Beeding
Folio: 55 Page: 3 Schedule: 15
Address: Pound House

SurnameFirst name(s)RelStatusSexAgeOccupationWhere BornRemarks
BROWNGeorgeHeadMM47Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Bosham
BROWNMary AnnWifeMF45Sussex - Selsey
BROWNGeorgeSonSM25Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Selsey(Originally: Sussex - Lidsey)
BROWNWilliamSonSM17Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Selsey(Originally: Sussex - Lidsey)
BROWNFrederickSon-M15Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Selsey(Originally: Sussex - Lidsey)
BROWNStenisingSon-M13Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Ripe
BROWNMarkSon-M11Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNAlbertSon-M9Scholar Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNHenrySon-M5Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNEdithDau-F3Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNCharlesSon-M1Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNJosephGrnson-M7mSussex - Upper Beeding

1901 census :
address : Pound House, Upper Beeding (rural district of Steyning), West Sussex

George Brown, head, 57, cowman on farm (of cattle), born Bosham Sussex
 wife Mary A, 55, born Selsey Sussex
Mark, son, 21, carter on farm (of horse), born Upper Beeding, Sussex
Albert, son, 19, labourer on farm - ag lab, born Upper Beeding, Sussex
 Henry, son, 15, carter on farm (of horse), born Upper Beeding, Sussex
 Edith,  daughter, 13, at school, born Upper Beeding, Sussex
 Charles, son, 11, at school, born Upper Beeding, Sussex
Joseph, grandson, 10, at school, born Upper Beeding, Sussex

1911 census :

address : Beeding, Upper Beeding

George Brown, head, 67, widower, 5 children/5 still living, cowman unable to work, born in the parish Bosham
Albert Brown, son, 29, single, farm labourer, born Upper Beeding
Henry Brown, son, 25, single, carter, born Upper Beeding
John Brown, son, 22, single, cowman, born Upper Beeding
Joe Brown, nephew, 21, single, cowman, born Upper Beeding
Edith Brown, daughter, 23, single, houskeeper, born Upper Beeding

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