vendredi 8 avril 2016

My Gx2 grandfather : Alphonso Delonnette (b 1836 France)

ALPHONSE / ALPHONSO JOSEPH DELONNETTE was born circa 1836 in France (source: 1881, 1891 and 1901 censuses and death record). He appears to have been named after his mother, Alphonsine. He was probably born in Lille, France, like his brother Auguste (who probably inspired Alphonso's son Augustus's name). The family spread out, with Alphonso moving to England and brother Auguste moving to Brussels, Belgium.

This is possibly him on the 1861 census at  8 Lister Street in Chorlton-u-Medloc, Lancashire: DEROUET Alphonse, Lodger, Unmarried, M, 23, Warehouseman, Overseas - Foreign - France. The person filling in the information probably couldn't understand his accent when he said Delonnette !

 Alphonso seemed to travel around the country rather a lot, marrying in Westminster in 1871, working in Lewisham, Kent in 1881/1882 then Hove, Sussex, in 1890/1891, before finally ending up in Hastings, Sussex, some time before 1891, where he lived out his final years.

It is possible that he is the Alphonse Delloge on the 1871 census, Lodger, Married, aged 42, Commission Agent, Overseas - Foreign - France Paris, listed at 143 Stamford St in Lambeth - he is one of many lodgers with the Welsh DAVIS family.

 He married PHOEBE  HORSFORD in 1871. She was born circa 1820 (source : death record on Free BMD), circa 1826 in Falmouth, Cornwall (source : 1891 census) or circa 1835 in Falmouth, Cornwall (source : 1881 census). Alphonso was aged about 35 at this time.

On the 1851 census, in Melcombe Regis, Dorset, there is a Phoebe Horsford, born 1821 in Falmouth Cornwall, who is the wife of Thomas M Horsford, 46, Barrister At Law Not In Actual Practice (born 1805 in Weymouth, Dorset), along with a 3-year-old son, Thomas M Horsford, born in Falmouth, and three servants.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday evening, September 10th 1868
Thomas Horsford died in 1868, three years before Phoebe married Alphonse, so this is presumably where their money came from !

London Evening Standard London, England

5 May 1842
That said, their wedding announcement in the London Evening Standard (5th May 1842) reveals that they were both of high standing : Thomas Moor Horsford, of Lincoln's Inn, Esq, barrister-at-law, and Phoebe, daughter of John Bull, Esq., of Marlborough House.

An extremely scarce original antique lithograph print from the rare series 'The Mansions of England and Wales, illustrated in a series of Views of the Principal Seats in the County of Cornwall' edited by Edward Twycross and published by C. J. Greenwood. This one being a view of Marlborough House (view 1) in Cornwall, the Seat of John Bull, Esq. Sketched and drawn on zinc by H. Moreland and printed by C. Chabot. Published in 1847. Image size approx 26 x 17cm. Titled and within a decorative border. 

This was Phoebe's father's home - Marlborough House in Falmouth, Cornwall.

The house, which had fallen into disrepair, was sold in 2015 and the newspaper articles gives lots of interesting information about the house and John Bull, Phoebe's father : Marlborough House, located on Silverdale Road, is renowned as one of Falmouth's most iconic buildings. The former home of Packet Ship captain John Bull had a guide price of £400,000 to £450,000, but a packed auction room saw it go for over £200,000 more than guide figure. The property features dazzling character features, including eight bedrooms and a wine cellar, a stunning spiral elliptical staircase and an imposing five-bay entrance colonnade and decorative wrought-iron gates.The house stands in grounds of 1.6 acres and dates back to the early 1800's when it was built by Captain John Bull of the Falmouth Packet Service, who named his new home after his ship The Duke of Marlborough. [...] The Packet service took mail and passengers all over the world. In 1814 the Duke of Marlborough was mistaken for an enemy when off Cape Finnesterre by HMS Primrose and a battle took place. Captain Bull was awarded a ceremonial sword for his bravery. Katie Semmens, senior auction valuer, said: “This magnificent property is one of the most historic houses in Cornwall." John Bull lived in Marlborough House with his second wife until his death in 1851.

John Bull appears to be an iconic Cornish hero - you can find out more about his finest hour here :

He also features prominently in the National Maritime Museum in Cornwall - there's an interesting blogpost about it here :

Dundalk Democrat, and People's Journal Louth, Republic of Ireland

19 Dec 1863

It would appear that Thomas knew Phoebe's family from work circles as they was a county magistrates in Falmouth called Bull too.

Birmingham Daily Post West Midlands, England

28 Oct 1914

The Scotsman Midlothian, Scotland

28 Oct 1914
The family fortune appears to have been passed down to Phoebe and Thomas's grandson, Thomas, presumably the son of their son Thomas. Colonel Thomas Moor Alphonse Horsford's will was proved in 1914 and he was worth a pretty packet - £24,279, which must have been an absolute fortune back then. He was a colonel of the Cornwall & Devon Miner's Royal Artillery , a magistrate for Cornwall and a deputy warden for the Stannaries. The announcement mentions "unsettled property".

His son (Phoebe and Thomas's grandson was also killed in the war : "To the list of wounded must be added the names of Lieut. Thomas Gavin Moor Horsford, Bedfordshire Regiment, son of the late Colonel Thomas Moor Alphonse Horsford, J. P., of Bosvathick, Penryn, Cornwall, and an old Beaumont boy" (source :

Lt Thomas Moor Horsford Bedfordshire Regiment. (10) Son of Colonel Horsford of Penryn Cornwall. Thomas was promoted to Lieutenant on 13th May 1914 and joined the 2nd Battalion from the 3rd (Reserve) Battalion, landing in France with them 6th October 1914. He was wounded at Ypres on 18th October during the Bn’s first engagement with the enemy. He returned after recovering and fought at 2nd Ypres, only to be killed at Givenchy by shellfire on his trench. Buried behind the Scottish Trench obliterated in later fighting KIA 16 June 1915.Age 22. Commem Le Touret Mem. Having no known grave.

Back to Alphonse Delonnette ! ...  On the 1881 census, Alphonse (listed as Alphonse De Lomette) and his wife Phoebe were at 12 Church Grove in Lewisham, Kent with one servant, 55-year-old CHARLOTTE TAYLOR. The occupation for both Alphonse and Phoebe is given as "independent funded property" so they were presumably quite well off.

 The 1882 Kelly's directory for Kent lists Alphonse Joseph Delonnette at Grove Villa, Church Grove, Ladywell, Lewisham, Kent. As can be seen on a modern map, Church Grove was (and still is) situated just off Ladywell Road, very close to the railway station. A picture of Ladywell Road in 1885 is available here and gives a good idea of the type of house they lived in.

Ladywell Road, Ladywell, Lewisham, 1885

 According to an extract from the book "Fagin's Children : Criminal Children in Victorian England", there was a "home for fallen girls" just a few doors along at number 9 Church Grove, but no date is available to see if this was while Phoebe and Alphonse lived there !!

Alphonse appears on the 1884 Kent Register of Electors for Bexley, Sevenoaks (listed as Joseph Alphonse Delonnettee) (source : Familysearch, GS Film Number 001537664).

Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette Somerset, England

8 Sep 1887

In the Bath Chronicle, dated September 8th 1887, there is an A. Delonnette listed amongst the arrivals at The Grand Hotel, alongside large numbers of titled people.

 By 1890, Alphonse and Phoebe had moved out of Lewisham and into Hove. One possible explanation is that their old house was one of those demolished as the town expanded. The Lewisham website explains : "The next stage in development came with the opening of Ladywell Station in 1857. Church Grove and the terraces to either side of it in Ladywell Road were built in the following year, which also saw the opening of Ladywell Cemetery. Railway Terrace, Prospect Place, and Mercy Terrace, close to the station, followed c.1870. The major expansation of Ladywell began in the 1880s, with the beginning of work on Vicars Hill, which opened up a wide new area for the builders. The old wooden wasteland cottages were cleared in the 1890s and replaced by Gillian Street and the shops known as The Parade. " (source : Ideal Homes : A History of South-East London Suburbs).

Sacred Heart Church in Norton Road, Hove (source : wikipedia)
 Kelly's 1890 Directory for Sussex lists Alphonse Joseph Delonnette at 28 Norton Road, Hove, which is just along the road from the old town hall. He is still listed at this address in Kelly's Directory of Kent, Surrey & Sussex, 1891. On the 1891 census, 55-year-old Alphonse (listed as Alphonse Delanette) and his 65-year-old wife Phebe were at 28 Norton Rd in Hove (St Andrews), Sussex with one servant, 23-year-old general domestic servant EMILY BROWN. The Brighton History website says that Norton Road was still under construction in 1887, number 4 was the West Brighton Estate Office, 58 was the home of Dr William Thistle, the Catholic Church of the Sacred Heart was designed by J Crawley and J S Hansom and opened in 1880 and the Presbytery is next door at no 39. Grade II listed. According to Wikipedia: "People associated with the church include the Irish stage actor Barry Sullivan, whose funeral was held there in May 1891; the journalist George Augustus Sala, whose funeral took place in 1895; composer Luigi Arditi, who worshipped here". Barry Sullivan was a top actor at the time so I'm sure Phoebe and Alphonse must have gone along for a nosey !

 Phoebe died, aged 77, on 17th August 1897 in Brighton (source : The Times) and her death was registered in Steyning registration district in September quarter 1897(source : Free BMD, district Steyning, volume 2b, page 176). Her death was announced in The Times newspaper on Saturday August 21st 1897 : DELONNETTE - On the 17th last, at Brighton, Mrs Phoebe DELONNETTE, aged 77 (source : The Times, pg. 1; Issue 35288; col A). She left a will, with Lock, Reed and Lock, Dorset, solicitors, which was granted on 17th September 1897 and which described her as Phoebe DELONNETTE of Sidcup, Kent, wife of Alphonse Joseph Delonnette, gentleman (source : A2A website ref D/LRL/1/111 ).

A few years later, former "gentleman" Alphonso was apparently working as a butler, so where did all the money go ?!! Perhaps Phoebe left him nothing after his shenanigans with their maid Emily, as he married her a few years after Phoebe's death, by which time she already had several children (with Alphonso ?)

Emily Delonnette and Teddy the dog 

 Alphonso later married EMILY BROWN , his former maid (before 1901). She was born circa 1868 in Steyning (source : 1891 census) or in Chichester (source : 1901 census), so was some thirty years younger than him. Judging by the ages on the 1901 census, by the time of Phoebe's death in 1897, Emily had already had three children (by Alphonso?). She had a son, Joseph Brown, in 1890, who appears to have been brought up by her parents in Upper Beeding (source : 1891/1901 census)

baptised on 14th May 1869 in Portslade, Sussex (source : BVRI 2nd edition). This is presumably correct, because there is a JOSEPH BROWN, grandson, of approximately the right age, listed with George and Mary Brown on the 1901 census : George Brown (head, 57, cowman on farm (of cattle), born Bosham Sussex), wife Mary A (55, born Selsey Sussex), and their children, sons Mark (21, carter on farm (of horse), born Upper Beeding, Sussex), Albert (19, labourer on farm - ag lab, born Upper Beeding, Sussex), Henry (15, carter on farm (of horse), born Upper Beeding, Sussex), daughter Edith (13, at school, born Upper Beeding, Sussex), son Charles (11, at school, born Upper Beeding, Sussex), and grandson Joseph (10, at school, born Upper Beeding, Sussex), in Pound House, Upper Beeding (rural district of Steyning), West Sussex.

I found the same family on 1891 census too and grandson Joseph is still there - no sign of Emily though :

Piece: RG12/825 Place: Steyning -Sussex Enumeration District: 5
Civil Parish: Upper Beeding Ecclesiastical Parish: Upper Beeding
Folio: 55 Page: 3 Schedule: 15
Address: Pound House

SurnameFirst name(s)RelStatusSexAgeOccupationWhere BornRemarks
BROWNGeorgeHeadMM47Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Bosham
BROWNMary AnnWifeMF45Sussex - Selsey
BROWNGeorgeSonSM25Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Selsey(Originally: Sussex - Lidsey)
BROWNWilliamSonSM17Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Selsey(Originally: Sussex - Lidsey)
BROWNFrederickSon-M15Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Selsey(Originally: Sussex - Lidsey)
BROWNStenisingSon-M13Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Ripe
BROWNMarkSon-M11Ag Lab (Em'ee) Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNAlbertSon-M9Scholar Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNHenrySon-M5Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNEdithDau-F3Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNCharlesSon-M1Sussex - Upper Beeding
BROWNJosephGrnson-M7mSussex - Upper Beeding

There was a tragic accident at this farm in 1914, but I am unsure if Emily's parents still owned and lived at the farm : "Records of the coroner of the Borough of Brighton, INQUESTS - ref. COR/3/2 - FILE - FORD - ref. COR/3/2/1914/96 - date: 25 Jul 1914 [from Scope and Content] of 'Pound House', Upper Beeding, Sussex, stable boy; at the Royal Sussex County Hospital; shock following rupture of the spleen caused by being kicked by a horse at Upper Beeding on 20 Jul; accidental death" (source : A2A website).

Pound House Cottage in Upper Beeding is now a listed building (assuming it's the same property) : "Once two cottages. C18 or earlier. Two storeys. Three windows. Faced with flints with red brick dressings and quoins. Hipped thatched roof. Casement windows." .

 ALPHONSE JOSEPH DELONNETTE was listed as an English subject, living on his own means, on the 1891 and on the 1901 census, where he shows up with wife Emily and children in Hastings, Sussex, at  13 Queens Road, Hastings (later known as Victoria Avenue). His occupation was given as butler in 1920, after his death (source : his son Victor's marriage certificate).

 Alphonso died in 1908 (death registered in January quarter 1908 – district Hastings volume 2b page 8) and was buried in Ore cemetery (Winchelsea Road) on February 7th 1908 (Ore burials parish 435/1/5/5). His age was recorded as 72 and his abode 45 Victoria Avenue, Ore.

Emily Delonnette in 1931 at daughter Wilhelmina's wedding

 On the 1911 census, Emily (listed as Emily Delonnutt) is head of the household at 45 Victoria Avenue, Hastings, a private house of 4 rooms, alongside five of her children. Her age is given as 45, her birth as 1866 in Chichester, she is listed as not employed and not working at home. Emily had a dog named Teddy (source : family knowledge).

She worked as a cook in the TB hospital in the Red Lake area of Ore, Hastings, Sussex (source : family knowledge). This is possibly the sanatorium in Frederick Road (formerly known as Cackle Street, because of the chicken farms around there) which was built in 1903 (source : - not online any more). Or it could be the building on the corner at the bottom of Rye Road (or Red Lake Road, as Rye Road was once called), just below where B&Q now stands. It is now a retirement home called Barrington House. They used to have chalets in the garden where B & Q is now, and where the Flats in the village are, they used to have gardens to work in. The T B home must have closed soon after the war." (source : Doris Flynn).

Hastings and St Leonards Observer East Sussex, England

11 Nov 1944
Emily died, aged 77, in Hastings in December 1944 (source : FreeBMD). Her death was reported in the Hastings and St Leonards Observer dated 11 Nov 1944, which stated : "Mrs. Emily Delonnette who died at the Buchanan Hospital, after brief illness Thursday last week, aged 77, lived Victoria Avenue. Hastings, and for the last eleven years had been cook at the Fairlight Sanatorium, where she was very popular with the staff and patients."

So she worked at the Fairlight Sanatorium in Rye Road from 1933 until her death in 1944. The building first opened as a convalescent home in 1905 and in 1909 it became Fairlight Sanatorium for the treatment of consumption (tuberculosis), taking twenty-five male patients. It obviously expanded : "The hospital acted as an 'Outpatients Dept' for Margaret Street Hospital. The Sanatorium could house up to 78 male Patients. The Medical Superintendent was Nigel Frampton Stallard, his assistant was Dr C de W Kitcat. The Matron was Miss Adams 'a kind and devout lady...with a great sense of humour...very able too , who had 'acute powers of observation and able to give an accurate prognosis..' Apparently part of the hygiene practice was that patients had to shave off their moustaches to prevent T.B. Bacteria from spreading. " (source medical History of Hastings by C Allen Birch)

Hastings and St Leonards Observer East Sussex, England

3 Nov 1945


 JOSEPH BROWN (click through to see his page) was Emily's illegitimate son, older than Augustus and presumably the eldest child. He is presumably the Joseph Brown born circa 1891 in Upper Beeding, Sussex (source : 1901 census). On the 1891 census, aged 7 months, he was with his grandparents and the rest of the family (but not his mum) at Pound House, Upper Beeding. On the 1901 census, aged 10, he was listed as a grandson at Pound House, Upper Beeding, with his maternal grandparents and their children, the youngest of whom was only a year older than him. On the 1911 census, a 21-year-old single cowman, he was with his uncle George Brown, a widower unable to work on his farm in Upper Beeding.

 VICTOR ALPHONSO DELONNETTE (or ALPHONSO) was born on 14th November 1891 in Brighton (source : 1901 census & death register). (Click through to see his page.) On the 1901 census, aged 9, he was with his parents and siblings in Hastings. He suffered shell shock after the war and lost an arm in an accident at work. He married BESSIE A WOOD in Hastings in 1920 and they had a daughter, MAISIE E DELONNETTE. He died in 1969 in Hastings (source : FreeBMD) (click through to see his page)

 JOSEPHINE DELONNETTE (or PHENIE) was born circa 1894 in Brighton (source 1901 census). On 1901 census, age 7, she is living with her parents at 13 Queens Road, Hastings. On the 1911 census, a 17-year-old unmarried domestic nursemaid, she is with her widowed mother and siblings at 45 Victoria Avenue, Ore. She married JAMES ELMS in 1918 and they had two sons JAMES ELMS and TONY ELMS. There is a marriage recorded for JOSEPHINE DELONNETTE and JAMES ELME in December quarter 1918 in Hastings (source : Free BMD, district Hastings volume 2b page 92 ) and the transcriber mysteriously noted "The entry has Scott or Bowes-Lyon in the spouse column".

Hastings and St Leonards Observer East Sussex, England

12 Jan 1952

 GEORGINA DELONNETTE was born circa 1897 in Brighton. (1901 census). On 1901 census, age 4, living with parents at 13 Queens Road, Hastings. On the 1911 census, a 14-year-old unmarried domestic nursemaid, she is with her widowed mother and siblings at 45 Victoria Avenue, Ore.  She married JACK KNOWLES and they had two sons, JACK KNOWLES and SANDY KNOWLES , and a daughter BETTY KNOWLES . (Family members knew her as Doreena or Reena.) (click through to see her page)

 AUGUSTUS DELONNETTE (click through to see his page) was born in September quarter 1898 in Hastings (Free BMD – district Hastings volume 2b page *). On 1901 census, age 2, he is living with his parents at 13 Queens Road, Hastings. He is listed in the 1948 Hastings directory at 122 St George’s Road. (click through to see his page)

 WILHELMINA DELONNETTE (or MINNIE) was born in March quarter 1901 in Hastings. (Free BMD – district Hastings volume 2b page 14). On 1901 census, age 2 months, she is living with her parents at 13 Queens Road, Hastings. On the 1911 census, a 10-year-old scholar, she is with her widowed mother and siblings at 45 Victoria Avenue, Ore. She married CHARLES MANSER and they had two sons DEREK MANSER and TONY MANSER.

Census returns for Phoebe Horsford nee Bull :

1841 census :

address : Lower Brook Street, arlborough Cottage, Falmouth

John Bull, 68, independent means
Phebe Bull, 40
Phebe Bull, 21, ind
Marshall Bull, 15
George Foster Bull, 11
Kitty Draydon, 23
Mary Kiverne, 25

1851 census :

address : 4 Crescent, Melcombe Regis, Dorset

 Phoebe Horsford, born 1821 in Falmouth Cornwall,wife
 Thomas M Horsford, 46, Barrister At Law Not In Actual Practice, born 1805 in Weymouth, Dorset
Thomas M Horsford, son, 3, born in Falmouth,
Sophia Honey Larne, 29, cook
Mary Pawill, 23, house maid
Daniel Vick, 26, footman

1861 census :


1871 census :

Piece: RG10/647 Place: Waterloo Road First -Surrey Enumeration District: 3
Civil Parish: Lambeth Ecclesiastical Parish: St John
Folio: 60 Page: 24 Schedule: 158
Address: 143 Stamford St

SurnameFirst name(s)RelStatusSexAgeOccupationWhere BornRemarks
DAVISDavidHeadMM56Retired Draper Carmarthenshire - -
DAVISMargaretWifeMF61Carmarthenshire - -
DAVISJaneDauUF19Surrey - Southwark
 Page: 61/25DAVIESRachael MDauUF18Surrey - Southwark
DELLOGEAlphonseLodgerMM42Commission Agent Overseas - Foreign - France Paris
FORGETMarieLodgerMF21Overseas - Foreign - France
PETERSMay (Mrs)LodgerMF30Kent - Sevenoaks
PRIORAnneLodgerUF18Barmaid Essex - Hatfield Heath
DALEFrancesLodgerUF29Barmaid Warwickshire - Leamington
MOORMANJames BLodgerUM18Attorney's General Clerk Cornwall - Falmouth

 1881 census : address : 12 Church Gr, Lewisham, Kent

 Alphonse DE LOMETTE Head M Male 46 France Independant Funded Property
 Phoebe DE LOMETTE Wife M Female 46 Falmouth, Cornwall, England Independant Funded Property
 Charlotte TAYLOR Serv U Female 55 Northampton, England General Servant

 1891 census : Sussex -civil parish: Hove / eccl. Parish St. Andrews/ RG12 / 817 folio 81 page 5 Dwelling : 28 Norton Rd

 Alphonse DELANETTE / Head / Mar / 55 / Living On Own means / b.FRA naturalised BS (= British subject)
 Phebe DELANETTE/ wife / mar / 65 / / b.Falmouth, Cornwall
 Emily BROWN / serv / s / 23 / general servant Dom. / b. Sterming , sussex (presumably Steyning?)


1901 census: address : 13 Queens Road, Hastings (later known as Victoria Avenue)

 Alphonso DELONNETTE age 65 born France 
Emily DELONNETTE wife age 33 born Chichester
 Alphonso DELONNETTE son age 9 born Brighton
 Josephine DELONNETTE dau age 7 born Brighton
Geogina DELONNETTE dau age 4 born Brighton
Augustus DELONNETTE son age 2 born Hastings
Wichelmina DELONNETTE dau age 2 months born Hastings

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